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Hindu Matrimonial – customs and traditions by Shadaan Alam

Hindu religion is considered to be one of the greatest religions with regard to customs, traditions and values which it preaches. Marriage in Hinduism is considered as a sacrament and a sanskara. It is considered as a union of two souls which moves to the next life even.

The Hindu wedding is performed as per the customs and traditions of the community to which the bride and the groom belong. The wedding is not just limited to the bride and the groom but it implies the coming together of the two families and hence it assumes all the more importance.

Hindu matrimony is also called as Vivah in Hindi and Panigrahana in Sanskrit. It is solemnised in accordance with the VEDAS, the holy scriptures of the Hindu religion. Before the wedding, the parents match the kundli of the prospective bride and the groom, if it matches only then they proceed forward and fix the day and date of marriage after consulting the pundit.

Various rituals start prior to the wedding day in both the houses. A large number of guests are invited to attend and enjoy the celebration. These may include

Mehendi ceremony- the hands and feet of the bride are decorated with Mehendi, other female relatives may also apply it.

Sangeet Sandhya- it is evening of musical entertainment where the groom’s family may invite the bride’s family for dance and songs.

In some of the Hindu marriages, few more rituals may be performed like the Ganesh Puja- the Puja is done before the marriage ceremony to take the blessings of Lord Ganesha.

Tilak â€In many of the communities Tilak (red turmeric powder) which symbolizes auspiciousness and happiness is applied by the bride’s uncle, father brothers on the forehead of the groom.

On the wedding morning, various ablutionary rituals are performed on both the bride and the groom in their own homes. Their bodies are anointed with turmeric, sandalwood paste and oils, which cleanse the body, soften the skin, and make it aromatic. They are then bathed to the chanting of Vedic mantras.

The Hindu wedding itself involves the following rituals-

Baraat- the procession of the groom accompanied with his family and friends reach the marriage venue. The priest commences the marriage under a canopy that is specially decorated for the ceremony. The priest invokes blessings of God for the couple to be married.

Jaimala- the bride and the groom exchange garlands amidst the chanting of Vedic hymns by the priest.

Hathleva- in this ceremony some henna is put on the right hand of the couple and the hands are tied with a cloth. The couple then prays to God for a successful married life.

Vivah- the ritual signifies the actual marriage. The priest ties one end of the groom’s dress to that of the bride’s, the knot signifies the sacred wedlock. Both of them then move around the fire for seven times, accepting the seven oaths which are chanted by the priest.

Kanyaadan- the father of the bride pours out a libation of sacred water symbolizing the giving away of the daughter to the bride groom. The groom recites the Vedic hymns to Kama, the god of love. In return the father also takes promise from the groom that he will be with his daughter in realising the three ends of Dharma, Kama, Artha. The groom makes the promise to his father in law.

Vidaai- after the successful completion of all the above rituals, comes the most emotional ritual of Vidaai where the bride finally leaves the house of her father to be with her husband. Almost everyone showers their blessings on her and give her a tearful farewell.

In this way the Hindu matrimony is completed with much blessings and enjoyment.

The writer is a free lance journalist based in Aligarh, she is also an staff writer for, a Indian matrimonial website based in Bhopal. She can be contacted at

Article Source:—customs-and-traditions/674023

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Delhi and NCR – Capital State of India

Delhi also known as Dilli and being the capital city of India it is the largest metropolis by area and second largest populous city in India. Delhi is eighth largest metropolis in the world. Delhi is referred to as New Delhi and also includes the urban areas near the National Capital Territory (NCT).Delhi is located on the banks of river Yamuna and is the political base and is rich in culture and diversity.

National Capital Region (NCR) is the metropolitan area of Delhi which envelopes cities like Noida, Ghaziabad, Gurgaon and Faridabad along with other smaller nearby towns. The origin of NCR was a master plan of Delhi, and because of this origin, the overwhelming demands of satisfying the corporate bodies and government establishments has been minimized which in turn enhances the growth and expansion of the infrastructure.

NCR Cities:

GURGAON: The Millennium City: Known for outsourcing and off shoring services, Gurgaon contributes to the upliftment of the economy infrastructure.

Noida: Noida is well connected to Delhi as it is the IT hub and rich in infrastructure. Noida is a modern city and is growing to pace up to the urbanization and the Film City”, located in sector 16A is known for the film studios and major news channels.

Faridabad: Faridabad is the main industrial city of Haryana and is the core destination for industries, IT companies, corporate bodies and government departments. It is also known for the tourist attractions like Badkhal Lake, Aravalli Golf Club, Dabchick, Raja Nahar Singh Palace and Suraj Kund Tourist Complex.

Ghaziabad: Ghaziabad has grown many folds in a short span of time and has emerged pillars of modernization as they have the splendid attributes right from shopping till non-stop entertainment arenas.

History and Culture: The city is believed to be the magnanimous Indraprastha, founded in 2500 BC. Delhi was known as Hastinapur which means “elephant city”. Delhi was ruled by b and magnificent Mughal emperors in different time zones.

During Second Battle of Panipat, Akbar’s army defeated Hemu. Shah Jahan built the seventh city of Delhi named Shahjahanabad which is known as “Old City” or “Old Delhi” which served as the capital of the Mughal emperor from 1638.

After 1680, the Mughal Empire’s rule declined and Marathas came into power. The Delhi is known for its culture and heritage. Old city has rich deposits of far-famed monuments such as The Red Fort, Qutab Minar and Humayun’s Tomb. The other esteemed monuments are the India Gate, the Jantar Mantar and among the modern architecture are The Laxminarayan Temple, Akshardham, the Lotus Temple and the ISKCON Temple. Safdarjung’s Tomb resembles the Mughal garden. Delhi known for its diversified culture and boisterous lifestyle as it’s a pot luck of various vernaculars; Hindi being the most widely spoken language and apart from that English, Punjabi and Urdu are equally spoken in large scale.

Zardozi (embroidery done with gold thread) and Meenakari (art of enameling) are the prominent works of art and crafts and the places to explore these are the Dilli Haat, Hauz Khas and Pragati Maidan.

Weather and Topography: Delhi experiences humid subtropical climate where the summers are extremely hot with the characteristic Loo (hot waves) ranging from April to mid October and from November to January the city experiences the winters which are extremely cold with heavy fog. The monsoons are predominant in June and brings sigh of relief to beat the summer heat.

Delhi is vastly spaced and the terrain displays great variation from plain agricultural fields to dry arid hills. Yamuna is the only river which flows through Delhi and Hindon river separates Ghaziabad from the eastern part of Delhi.

Places to Visit: The city is huge and beautiful and each nook and corner is worth visiting as they are known for their own unique features. The must-see attractions are listed below:

  • Bahai/ Temple
  • India Gate:
  • Rashtrapati Bhawan
  • Red Fort
  • Raj Ghat
  • Qutab Minar
  • Laxminarayan Temple
  • Humayun’s Tomb
  • Chandni Chowk:
  • Shanti Vana
  • Purana Quila
  • Jama Masjid
  • Nizam-ud-Din Shrine
  • Chhatarpur Temple
  • Raj Ghat
  • Gurudwara Rakab Ganj
  • Gurudwara Bangia Sahib

How to reach Delhi:

Air: Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport is well connected in the city and Palam domestic airport is now called as Terminal 1 which handles all the domestic flights and connects Delhi to all the cities. Indira Gandhi’s Terminal 3 is the world’s eighth largest passenger terminal.

Rail: New Delhi Railway Station, Old Delhi Railway Station and Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station are the three stations which help in easy commutation. Metro is a boon and is very well connected and networks to all major stations in Delhi, Faridadbad and Noida.

Bus: The three major bus stands in Delhi are Inter State Bus Terminus (ISBT) at Kashmiri Gate, Sarai Kale-Khan Bus Terminus and Anand Vihar Bus Terminus.

In the age of internet, booking of ticket is easy and hassle free. Online travel agencies are always updated with the price and availability list of different fleet. Bus booking, Air ticket booking is very convenient online. Online bus booking is less time consuming and a great energy saving process.

About the Author

Ayush Aggarwal is the Digital Product Manager of, having worked earlier as Pre sales engineer , and as a core-developer has a well versed knowledge of technology and the web. He has created and handling personal websites , and is also a blogger on technology platforms is a leader in travel automation and technology. With a vision to provide seamless service to it’s’ customer and provide best service at cheapest rate, has evolve a new era of technologies in travel industry. Now cheap air tickets, bus booking, railway reservation; through IRCTC is easy and accessible from web and mobile app.

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